The Yajur Veda is one of the four Vedas, the sacred texts of the Hindu religion. It is primarily a collection of rituals and sacrificial formulas that were recited during religious ceremonies. The word "Yajur" means "sacrifice" or "worship," reflecting the main focus of this Veda.

There are two main versions of the Yajur Veda: the Shukla Yajur Veda (White Yajur Veda) and the Krishna Yajur Veda (Black Yajur Veda). The Shukla Yajur Veda is associated with the Vajasaneyi Samhita and is recited during rituals that involve the offering of oblations into the sacred fire. The Krishna Yajur Veda is linked to the Taittiriya Samhita and is used in rituals related to the performance of sacrifices.

The Yajur Veda contains prose passages as well as verses, which are chanted by priests known as Yajur-Vedins. These verses and rituals provide instructions on the correct performance of ceremonies, the symbolism behind the rituals, and the recitation of prayers and hymns.

The manuscript of the Yajur Veda, like other Vedic texts, has been preserved through oral tradition for centuries. Over time, various versions and recensions have emerged, reflecting regional and textual variations. These manuscripts, written on palm leaves or other materials, have been meticulously preserved by generations of scholars and practitioners.

Studying and understanding the Yajur Veda is not only important for the performance of Vedic rituals but also offers insights into the ancient religious practices, spiritual beliefs, and philosophical concepts of the Hindu tradition.